Regular bearing varieties of mango
|Hindi name||आम (Aam)|
|Other names||King of fruits|
|Scientific name||Mangifera indica L.|
|Wild relatives||Mangifera sylvetica|
Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is considered the king of fruits. It is one of the choicest to mankind in India. The mango occupies the same position in the tropical and sub-tropical regions, which is enjoyed by the apple in the temperate regions. The mango growing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharastra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. Of the various states, Andhra Pradesh has the largest area.
The production is far too low that’s why the selection of varieties in a commercial mango cultivation becomes very import step. To get heavy yield and regular fruiting we need to select regular bearing variety.
Bearing habits in mango
What is bearing habit in mango?
In mango, a mature plant produces flowers and fruits in that particular season. In next year, these plants produce few or no fruits. It is known as alternate bearing habit. This is the main problem in mango cultivation. And, this type of bearing habit causes heavy reduce in yield.
To cope with this problem, a farmer has to plant regular bearing varieties of mango in his orchard. I this post, we will know about some important regular bearing varieties of mango with their characteristics.
Types of bearing habits
- Alternate bearing: No fruiting in subsequent season
- Biennial bearing: No or very less fruiting i subsequent season
- Regular bearing: Fruiting in each summer season
Also read: Grades of mango fruit
List of regular bearing varieties of mango
This most widely cultivated variety of south and it’s fruits are sent in Northern India towards the end of April. The fruits are large, flat and weighing 350 to 400 g. The colour is very attractive golden yellow, pulp is fibreless, firm with sweet taste. It is a fairly regular variety.
It is a cross between Dushehari and Neelum. It is very dwarf regular, late and rich in Vitamin A content. The fruits are medium sized, green, apricot yellow in colour. The flesh is fibreless and deep orange red, sweet in taste with high TSS (22-24%). It yields on an average 16 tonnes/hectare. Plant population is 1600 plants in a hectare.
It is a cross between Neelum and Dushehari varieties of mango. This variety is has been reported to be good quality variety with regular bearing habit. Fruit size is medium, shape is oblong to elliptic and colour is medium yellow. Fruit quality is good. Keeping quality is also good. It is a medium season variety. This variety of mango is susceptible to bacterial canker in Northern India.
Totapari or Totapuri
It has a medium to large fruits. The tip of the fruit looks like the beak of a parrot. This variety of mango doesn’t ripe on tree.
This variety is native to Tamil Nadu. Keeping quality is very good. Fruits size is medium and colour is saffron. Neelum is a late season variety.
What are some irregular varieties of mango?
Answer: Langra has irregular bearing habit.
About Langra: Langra is very popular in Northern India. The tree is tall and spreading. Fruits ripen in mid-season. It has a very sweet taste with a fine blend and flavour.
What are some biennial bearing varieties of mango?
Answer: Biennial bearing varieties are as follows:
About Dusehari: This variety is very successful and is becoming increasingly popular with the growers of north India. The size of fruit is small to medium, with an elongated shape. Pulp is very sweet, firm and fibreless. Fruits have a good keeping quality. The fruits are very suitable for canning. It is a mid-season variety.
About Fajri: This is a late variety. It ripens in the middle of August. Fruits are large in size which remains green from outside even on ripening. Quality is not so good. Variety is medium to heavy copper.
About Pairi: It is a prolific bearer variety of western and southern India. The fruits are medium sized, ovate, very attractive with crimson tinted shoulders on a yellowish green background. Ripening time is mid May to June.
About Swarnarekha: It is an early ripening variety. Harvesting occurs in April. Fruits are attractive and have pinkish colour. The flesh is slightly fibrous.
Also read: Easiest way of top working in mango
Where can I get these varieties?
Answer: Department of Horticulture or Krishi Vigyan Kendra.
Last update: 06-08-2022