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Benefits of Vegetable Grafting


Different benefits of vegetable grafting

Why to graft a vegetable plant such as brinjal, tomato or chilli? What are the importance of vegetable grafting? In this post we will know about the benefits of vegetable grafting.

Introduction

What is grafting?

Grafting is a horticultural or agroforestry practice in which two parts of two different plants are united together to form a new plant. In a graftage, one part is scion and another is rootstock.

What is vegetable grafting?

Grafting of vegetable plants such as tomato, chilli, brinjal, pumpkin, etc., are known as vegetable grafting.

Why to graft a plant?

We need to graft a plant for getting maximum possible yield. It is the ultimate of goal to graft a plant.

What vegetable plants can we graft?

We can graft the following vegetable plant:

  • Tomato
  • Brinjal
  • Chilli
  • Potato
  • Pumpkin

Benefits of grafting a vegetable plant

  • Healthy and strong plant.
  • Disease free plant
  • Longer production period
  • More yield

Healthy and strong plant: This quality depends on rootstock. Rootstock is known for supporting scion. Due to vigorous rootstock, the growing portion becomes more healthy and stronger.

Disease free plant: We can get disease free plant by grafting. Soil born diseases are one of the most serious diseases of many vegetable plants. This problem can be overcome by this horticultural practice.

Longer production period: The commercial production period of a grafted plant is longer than a normal vegetable plant.

More yield: A grafted plant with perennial rootstock will give more yield.

Grafted brinjal plant

Also read: Basics of Brinjal (Eggplant) Grafting

Wilt is one of the most important and serious disease of brinjal. After grafting, plants become resistant to wilt (झुलसा) disease. Another soil born pathogen of brinjal is plant nematode. Being a solanaceous crop, it is susceptible to soil nematodes. Wild species of eggplant show tolerance against the plant nematodes. We use wild species of brinjal as rootstock to get a nematode tolerant plant.

Grafted tomato plant

Also read: Basics of Tomato Grafting

  • Plant becomes resistant to rootknot nematode.
  • Yield is more.
  • Production period is longer.

Grafted chilli plant

Also read: Steps in Chilli Grafting

  • Plant becomes tolerant to wilt disease.
  • Production period is longer.
  • Plant is vigorous.
  • Yield is more.

Related questions

Do we need drip system?

No, we don’t need drip irrigation system. The installation of drip system depends on farm’s owner.

Do we need mulching

No, we don’t need drip mulching. The installation of polythene mulch depends on farm’s owner.


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