Buy Grafted Tomato Plant Online
You can buy grafted tomato plant from here.
Also read: Brinjal, Tomato, Chilli Grafting Training
Importance of grafted tomato plant
- High yield
- Resistance to plant pathogen
- Life cycle
- Quality of fruits
- High yield
Resistance to plant pathogen
For grafting we use such rootstock which has tolerance or resistance to soil borne diseases. When we graft tomato plant with such rootstock then all our plants become safe from soil borne diseases. Although there is a possibility of disease in some plants, but it is negligible.
Wilt is a very fatal soil borne disease, so it is very important to prevent it. Grafting is one such technique by which we give protection to our plant from wilt. Root knot nematode, which forms knot in the roots of tomato, also causes a lot of damage to the tomato crop. Once grafted in a suitable rootstock, the plants become safe from these nematodes as well.
Every farmer always wants that his crop should last as long as possible. He could harvest the crop as much as possible. This becomes possible only when the life span of the crop is long. Vegetable crops give commercial production only for 4-6 months, after that the crops get destroyed due to old age.
In this way farmers get an average income like all other farmers. After grafting, due to the rootstock, plants keep producing for 2 months to 2 years as compared to normal plants. In this way the life cycle of a normal plant is increased due to grafting.
Quality of fruits
Plants become strong by grafting, the plant system becomes strong. This is called vigor of the plants. The chances of getting good fruits increase from vigorous plants. In this way we get big size fruits with good quality. In the market of such produce or fruits, tomato has more demand than other fruits.
The first priority of farming is more production. High production farming is called commercial farming. There are many biotic and abiotic factors which reduce the productivity in the crop. In this way many times as a farmer we have to bear financial loss.
When we cultivate grafted tomato plant, we get more yield per acre as compared to normal plant because there is more production per plant. The main reason for this is the presence of more branches per plant. Due to having more branches per plant, more number of flowers and plants come in it, which ultimately helps in more production.
- Size of plant
- Height of plant
- Number of branches
- Flower number
- Number of fruits
Size of plant
We see that most of the time our plants are of small size. Such plants give less yield. There are 3 types of tomato species:
1. Determinate growth habit
2. Semi-determinate growth habit
3. Indeterminate growth habit
In these, tomato plants with determinate growth habit grow only up to a certain height, and complete their life cycle very quickly. Such varieties of tomato last only for 4-6 months. When we grafted a determinate growth variety of tomato on a promising rootstock, we found that it survived for 8 months. Here 8 months means from commercial production period. And due to more branching in it, the size of the plant also remained very large.
Height of plant
An increase of up to 5-10% can be seen in the grafted plant. This result is caused by the influence of the rootstock. When the height of the plant is high, naturally there is more branching in it (apical dominance is not being talked about here).
Number of branches
The number of branches definitely increases. For example, we planted grafted tomato plant in 1 acre and non-grafted plant in 1 acre. After final branching, we get up to 5% more branching per plant in grafted plants. Hence grafting increases the number of branches per plant.
Number of flowers: More.
Number of fruits: More fruit set.
Yield is 10-30% more as compared to normal plants.
Scientific Cultivation Practice
Grafting tomato cultivation is different from normal tomato cultivation. Next, the scientific method of grafted tomato cultivation has been explained. So follow it.
Its cultivation requires warm and clean climate. Too cold climate hinders the development of plants. The temperature of 26-28°C is ideal for its cultivation. Transplanting can be done from the arrival of monsoon till August.
Time of cultivation
The suitable time for its cultivation is May-June and December-January.
Soil and soil preparation
Loam to sandy loam land is better for its cultivation. pH is very important in tomato cultivation. The pH range of the land should be up to 6.5-7.5. More acidic and alkaline land is not suitable for its cultivation.
It is necessary to make the land fine at the time of plowing. Plants are planted in raised ridges. Made height should be 20-30 cm. Its width should be 45 cm. At the time of land preparation, cow dung manure at the rate of 20-25 tonnes per acre is mixed in it.
For grafting tomato, plant to plant distance of 2.5 feet and row to row distance of 3.5 feet should be kept. Doing this makes intercultural operations easier. The number of plants per acre is kept at 4000-4500.
Tomato varieties for grafting
For grafting, we should choose only those varieties of tomato which give more production. A farmer should choose the same variety which is more in demand in his area. Because the variety running in a particular place does not remain in demand equally in another place. Some popular varieties of tomato for grafting are as follows:
Best root stock for grafting
The next most important step is to select the rootstock. There is a compatibility problem in grafting when the wrong rootstock is selected. The following rootstock should be used for grafting in tomato.
- F1 hybrid: It should be resistance against wilt disease
- Indigenous variety: It should be resistance against wilt disease
- Tree Brinjal: Resistance against wilt of brinjal and nematode. We take tree brinjal as rootstock in our grafting. It is compatible for every variety of tomato.
Buy Tree Brinjal Seeds
Tree brinjal is a perennial species of brinjal or eggplant. The plant is very vigorous and tolerant to wilt and nematode attack.
Mulching is a modern technique in tomato cultivation. For this 25 mm thick mulching sheet is used. Both the ends of the mulching sheet should be pressed well with the soil so that it does not blow away with the wind.
Weeding is done by both manual and chemical method. 1 kg of active ingredient of Pendimethalin is used in 1 hectare area. It is a pre-emergence weedicide. Hand weeding is done once a month after application of Pendimethalin.
After transplanting the plants, irrigation is done every one week. Irrigation channel should be made for irrigation. Although using drip for irrigation is the best solution.
Use of growth regulators
Triacontanol: Mix 1250 ml of triacontanol in 1000 l of water. Give first spray at 15 days after transplanting and second at full bloom stage. It will increase the overall yield of crop.
Training of hybrids
Stake is done 30 days after planting.
You can use 1.5 m tall stalks.
Remove the side branches up to 20 cm from ground level.
- 40 days after transplanting
- Foliar spray of ZnSO4.
- Use 0.5% ZnSO4.
- Spray it three time at 10 days interval
- Spray 19:19:19 + Mn @ 1 % at 60 days after planting
Insect-pests of tomato
Fruit borer is one of the major pest.
It damage fruits of tomato.
- Grow tall marigold as a trap crop for nematode.
- Fix 12 pheromone traps in one hectare area.
- Collect and destroy of damaged fruits and caterpillars.
- Release Trichogramma pretiosum @ 1 lakh per hectare.
It is a very important pest of tomato.
White fly acts as the vector of tomato mosaic virus.
- Fix 12 pheromone traps in one hectare area.
- Chemical: Dimethoate 30 % EC (1 ml in one liter of water), melathion 50% EC (1.5 ml in one liter of water)
Root knot nematode
- It attacks roots of the plant and forms knot.
- Grow marigold as trap crop.
Diseases of tomato
- It is a disease of nursery.
- Treat the seeds with Trichoderma viride.
- Avoid water stagnation.
- Drenching with copper oxychloride (2.5 g/liter
Small spots on leaves
- It affects leaves.
- Do heat treatment of soil before preparation of nursery bed.
Causing organism is leaf curl virus.
Spray dimethoate (2 ml per liter of water). It will kill the vector of this disease.
Tomato spotted wilt disease
- Aply Carbofuran 3 G (33 kg/ha) in nursery.