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Categories of Medicine: Veterinary Science


Types or categories of medicines in veterinary science

This page includes some general categories of medicines used in veterinary science.

Medicines forCattle (cow and buffalo), goat, sheep, dog, and other farm animals
DiseasesMajor and minor cattle diseases

Note: Always use these medicines as prescribed by a veterinarian

Also read: Best Animal Husbandry Book Hindi

Categories of medicines in veterinary science

01: Antibiotics

  • The primary source of antibiotics is bacteria. These are antibacterial drugs.

Examples: Penicillins, streptomycin, chloromycetin.

02: Antiseptics

  • Antiseptic medicine are used to suppress the growth of bacteria
  • They don’t kill a bacterium

Examples: Boric acid and iodine.

03: Antipyretics

  • Antipyretics reduce the fever
  • These are also known as febrifuge

Examples: Aspirin, salicylic acid and quinine.

04: Analgesics

  • These medicines reduce the irritability of nerves to subside pain.

Examples: Camphor and aspirin.

05: Antizymotics

  • Antizymotics check the fermentation of the wound. These are also used in flatulence and colic diseases.

Examples: Formalin and boric acid.

06: Antipuritics

  • Antipuritics help in reducing the itching.

Example: Carbolic acid

07: Antiflogistics

  • Antiflogistics reduce swelling
  • These are also effective in pain

Example: Plaster of antiphlogistic

08: Antistomachics

  • Antistomachics form gastric juice.

Example: Opium

09: Antiexpectorants

  • It checks coughing out.

Example: Opium

10: Antidiuretics

  • Antidiurentics reduce unrine.

Examples: Insulin and adrenaline

11: Antispasmodic

  • Removes anxiety and turbidity

12: Anthelmintic

  • Removes parasites present in the stomach.
  • Hexachlorothane is an excellent dewormer
  • Vermicides kills parasites present in stomach

Examples: Copper sulphate, ferrous sulphate, and nicotinic acid.

13: Anaesthetics

  • By feeding them the animal becomes unconscious

Examples: Chloroform and ether

14: Antidotes

  • Antidotes reduce the harmful effects of poison

Example: Iron salt in case of cyanide

15: Aromatics

  • These are volatile oils

Examples: Ginger, fennel, and peppermint.

16: Alternatives

These are medicines that improve the nutrition of animals. It is given when the animals are more weak.

Examples: Iodine, mercury, magsulf, lever oil, sulfur, etc.

Also read: Scientific Way of Goat Farming

Categories of drugs (medicines) in veterinary science

17: Expectorants

  • Expectorants expels cough

Example: Ammonia.

18: Astrigents

These medicines create contraction in mucous membrane, blood vessels and tissues, and stop secretion. Astrigents are absorbent when used externally.

Examples: Opium and chloridine.

19: Bitters

These are bitter in taste. Herbals are raw parts of the different plant species.

Examples: Sarpgandha, cinchona.

20: Carminative

  • These are anti-gastric

Examples: Fennel, asafoetida, coriander, red chili, ginger, etc.

21: Caustics

  • Caustics destroy the tissues

Examples: Copper sulphate, caustic soda, zinc sulphate, carbolic acid, etc.

22: Disinfectants

Disinfectants destroy bacteria. These are also used to clean a farm such as formalin.

Examples: Potassium permanganate and chlorine.

23: Desicants

  • Dressing of wound

Examples: Zinc oxide and boric acid.

24: Detergents

  • It is used for cleaning

Examples: Detergent powders and shoap.

25: Deodorants

  • To fade away strong smell

Examples: Bleaching powder and phenyl.

26: Diuretics

  • It causes more urine

Examples: Urea and potassium nitrate.

27: Irritants

  • These causes irritation

Examples: Various acids.

28: Emetics

  • These cause vomiting

Examples: Sodium chloride, copper sulphate, zinc sulphate, etc.

29: Galactagogues

  • Galactagogues are used to yield more milk from farm animals

Examples: Sulfur, iodinated casein, thyroxine, etc.

30: Haemostatics

  • Haemostatics check bleeding

Examples: Ice, alum, tincher benzoin, etc.

31: Hypnotics

  • Causes sleep

Examples: Bromide and chloral hydrate.

32: Narcotics

  • Cause of deep sleep
  • Indifference in blood circulation

Example: Chloroform.

33: Parasiticides

  • Parasiticides destroy skin parasites

Examples: Acetic acid, copper sulphate, phenyl, etc.

34: Purgatives

  • It causes diarrhea in animals

Example: Magnesium sulphate

35: Nutrients

  • These supply nutrition to animal tissues

Examples: Cod liver oil, vitamins, etc.

36: Preservatives

  • These are used to preserve food materials

Examples: Boric acid and spirit.

37: Refrigerants

  • Refrigerants are used for cooling the outer surface of an animal’s body

Examples: Ice and ammonium chloride.

38: Sialagogues

  • Sialagogoues increase the amount of saliva in mouth

Example: Mercury.

Also read: Dairy farming tips

Veterinary medicines


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