Chromosome (2n) number of different vegetable crops

Chromosome (2n) number of different vegetable crops

Index: Chromosome number of vegetable crops

S. No.Heading(s)
1.What is it?
2.What is chromosome number?
3.Why is it necessary to know about the 2n of different vegetable plant-crops?
4.Table: Chromosome Number of Different Vegetable Plants

1. What is chromosome?

According to Wikipedia

“A chromosome is a long DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material of an organism. Most eukaryotic chromosomes include packaging proteins called histones which, aided by chaperoneproteins, bind to and condense the DNA molecule to maintain its integrity.”

Also read: 2n of different fruit plants

2. What is chromosome number?

Chromosome number (2n number) is the number of DNA molecule present in a specific species of plant.

3. Why is it necessary to know about the 2n of different vegetable plant-crops?

Chromosome number is a very important topic. There is always a possibility, question being asked (to be asked) related with the 2n number of different vegetable plants in different agricultural competition exams. The topic is related with two subject- 1. Plant Breeding and Genetics. 2. Olericulture (Horticulture).

Also Read: Chromosome (2n) Numbers of Different Flower Plants

Example of few questions:

  • 1. What is the chromosome number of tomato?
  • 2. Which is a triploid vegetable plant?
  • 3. Which is not a plant having diploid chromosome number?
  • 4. Which is a tetraploid species of plant?
  • 5. What is CN of wheat?
  • 6. In which plant does the condition octaploidy exist?
  • 7. Is it true that polyploidy common in plant?

In this post we are going to know about the chromosome numbers (2n number) of different vegetable plants.

4. Table: Chromosome number of different vegetable plants

S. No.Plant-cropsS. N.Family 2n
1.AmaranthusAmaranthus cruentus L.Amaranthaceae34
2.Bitter GourdMomordica charantia L.Cucurbitaceae22
3.BeetBeta vulgaris Amaranthaceae18
4.Bottle GourdLagenaria siceraria Stan.Cucurbitaceae22
5. BrinjalSolanum melongena L.Solanaceae24
6.CabbageBrassica oleracea var. capitataBrassicaceae18
7.CarrotDaucus carota subsp. sativusApiaceae18
8.CassavaManihot esculenta CrantzEuphorbiaceae36
9.CauliflowerBrassica oleracea var. botrytisBrassicaceae18
10.Chick peaCicer arietinum L.Fabaceae16
11.ChiliCapsicum anum L.Solanaceae24, 48 (tetraploid)
12.CucumberCucumis sativus L.Cucurbitaceae14
13.GingerZingiber officinale RoscoeZingiberaceae22
14.GarlicAllium sativum L.Amaryllidaceae16
15.Ivy GourdCoccinia grandis L.Cucurbitaceae24
16.MustardSinapis alena L.Cucurbitaceae24
17.OkraAbelmosch esculentus L.Malvaceae130 and various
18.OnionAllium cepa L.Amaryllidaceae16
19. PeaPisum sativum L.Fabaceae14
20.Pigeon peaCajanus cajan Mills.Fabaceae22
21.Pointed GourdTrichosanthes dioica RoxbCucurbitaceae22
22.PumpkinCucurbita MaximaCucurbitaceae40
23.RadishRaphanus raphanistrum subsp. sativusBrassicaceae18
24.Ridge GourdLuffa acutangula roxbCucurbitaceae26
25.SpinachSpinacia oleracea L.Amaranthaceae12
26.SoybeanGlycine max Merr.Fabaceae40
27.Swee PotatoIpomoea batatus Lam.Convolvulaceae90 (Hexaploid)
28.TomatoSolanum lycopersicum L.Solanaceae24
29.TurmericCurcuma longa L.Zingiberaceae63 (Triploid)
30.TurnipBrassica rapa var. rapaBrassicaceae20
31.Urad beanVigna mungo HepperFabaceae22
32.PotatoSolanum tuberosum L.Solanacea48 (Tetraploid)
33.Winged Beanpsophocarpus tetragonolobus D.C.Fabaceae18
34.Water MelonCitrullus lanatus Thumb.Cucurbitaceae22

Key words

2n Number of Tomato, 2n Number of Potato, 2n Number of Cabbage, 2n Number of Okra, 2n Number of Bringal, 2n Number of Pumpkin, 2n Number of Cucumber, Plant Breeding Notes, Plant Breeding E-book, Plant Breeding MCQ, Plant Breeding JRF Questions

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