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Classification of field and horticultural crops


Classification of field and horticultural crops

This post, classification of field and horticultural crops, is based on the taxonomical and special classification of field and horticultural crops. Visit again for more contents. Last updated: 10-01-2022.

Contents
(A). Taxonomic Classification
(2). Special Classification

Also read: Agronomy MCQ and Answer

(A). Taxonomic classification

01: Poaceae (Graminae)

  • Sugarcane.
  • Napier.
  • Paragrass.
  • Maize.
  • Millets.

02: Fabaceae (Leguminoceae)

  • Pulse crops, e.g., chickpea, redgram, etc.
  • Groundnut.
  • Sunhemp.

03: Cruciferae (Mustard family)

  • Mustard.
  • Radish.
  • Cabbage.
  • Cauliflower.
  • Broccoli.
  • Knolkhol.

04: Cucurbitaceae (Gourd family)

  • Pumpkin.
  • Water melon.
  • Bitter gourd.
  • Ash gourd.
  • Bottle gourd.
  • Chayote.

05: Malvaceae (Cotton family)

  • Cotton.
  • Okra.
  • Roselle.
  • Durian.
  • Cacao.

06: Solanaceae

  • Brinjal.
  • Potato.
  • Tomato.
  • Chilli.
  • Tobacco.
  • Datura.

07: Tiliaceae

  • Jute.
  • Phalsa.
  • Small leaved lime.

08: Asteraceae

  • Sunflower.
  • Safflower.
  • Niger.
  • Chrysanthemum.
  • Common Daisy.
  • Marigold.

09: Chenopodiaceae

  • Spinach.
  • Beet.
  • Sugar beet.
  • Blitum.
  • Strawberry blite.

10: Pedaliaceae

  • Sesame.
  • Ceratotheca.
  • Grapple plant.
  • Pedalium.

11: Euphorbiaceae

  • Castor.
  • Tapioca.
  • Foot yam.
  • Jatropha.
  • Ricinus.
  • Cassava.
  • Manchineel.

12: Convolvulaceae

  • Sweet potato.
  • Ipomoea.
  • Dodders.
  • Beach morning.
  • Water spinach.

13: Umbelliferae

  • Coriander.
  • Carrot.
  • Celery.
  • Parsnip.
  • Fennel.
  • Parsley.

14: Aliaceae

  • Garlic.
  • Onion.
  • Leek.
  • Ramsons.
  • Ipheion.

15: Zingiberaceae

  • Ginger.
  • Turmeric.
  • Alpinia.
  • Fingerroot.
  • Amomum.
  • Globba.

Also read: Mango Plantation: Cultivation Practice and Orchard Management

(2). Special classification

01: Arable crops

These crops require preparatory tillage.

Examples:

  • Tobacco.
  • Rice.
  • Sugarcane.
  • Maize.

02: Alley crops

Alley crops are grown in narrow passages.

Examples:

  • Sweet potato.
  • Urd.
  • Turmeric.
  • Ginger.

03: Augmenting crops

Augmenting crops support the yield of main crops.

Examples:

  • Japanese mustard with berseem.
  • Chinese cabbage with mustard.

04: Avenue crops

Avenue crops are grown along with farm road.

Examples:

  • Redgram.
  • Glyricidia.

05: Guard crops

Guard crops protect main crops.

Example:

  • Growing safflower around the field of chickpea.

06: Brake crop

To break the continuity.

Example:

  • Multiple cropping system.

07: Cash crop

Cash crops return hand cash to the farmers.

Examples:

  • Jute.
  • Cotton.
  • Tobacco.
  • Sugarcane.

08: Catch crops

Catch crops cover the loss because of the failure of main crops.

Examples:

  • Greengram.
  • Black gram.
  • Cowpea.
  • Onion.
  • Radish.

09: Cole crops

Which belongs to cole.

Examples:

  • Cabbage.
  • Cauliflower.
  • Brussels sprouts.

10: Contour

These crops belong to contour line growing. It checks soil erosion.

Example:

  • Marvel grass.

11: Commercial crops

Objective is to earn money.

Examples:

  • Jute.
  • Cotton.
  • Tobacco.
  • Sugarcane.

12: Cover crops

Cover crops protect upper surface of the soil from erosion.

Examples:

  • Cowpea.
  • Groundnut.
  • Black gram.
  • Sweet potato.

13: Complementary crops

Crops benefit each other.

  • Jowar + lobia.

14: Competitive crops

Competitive crops compete to each other.

Example:

  • Two cereal.

15: Supplementary crops

Supplementary crops are neither competitive nor complementary.

Example:

  • Maize + cucurbits.

16: Exhaustive crops

Exhaustive crops make the field exhaustive.

  • Cereals.

17: Energy crops

Energy crops produce liquid energy.

Examples:

  • Sugarcane.
  • Potato.
  • Maize.
  • Topioca.

18: Fouling crops

Cultural practice allow the infestation of weed.

Example:

  • Direct sowing of upland rice.

19: Ley crops

Combination of crops for grazing purpose.

Example:

  • Berseem + mustard.

20: Mulch crops

  • Mulch crops conserve soil moisture.

Example:

  • Cowpea.

Also read: Horticulture Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

Crop classification

21: Nurse crops

Nurse crops nurses other crops by providing shade and other machanism.

Examples:

  • Rai in pea.
  • Jowar in cowpea.

22. Paira crops

Growing of another crop in the same field before the harvesting of first crop.

Example:

  • Lathyrus in paddy filed.

23: Paired row cropping

  • Each third row is removed.

Example:

  • Dryland agriculture.

24: Restorative crops

Restorative crops benefit soil by adding some valuable matters/elements in soil.

Example:

  • Legumes.

25: Riparian crops

Riparian crops are grown along with irrigation and drainage channels.

Example:

  • Para grass.

26: Skip crop

  • A line is left unsown.

27: Silage crops

For the production and preparation of silage.

Examples:

  • Maize.
  • Jwar.

28: Smother crops

Smother crops suppress the growth of weeds.

Examples:

  • Cow pea.
  • Mustard.

29: Soiling crops

For making silage.

Examples:

  • Berseem.
  • Napier.

30: Trap crops

To check insect attacks.

Example:

  • Marigold in tomato.
  • Okra in cotton.

31: Truck crops

Fresh market crops.

Example:

  • Vegetable crops.

32: Ware crops

For temporary storing.

Example:

  • Potato.

For: Classification of field and horticultural crops


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