This post includes important points from communication model. Major subject is agricultural extension education.
Also read: J.P. Leagans communication model
01: The word communication is originated from the Latin word “communis”, meaning common. Communication is a conscious attempt to share information, ideas, attitudes and like with others.
02: Communication models are as follows
- Linear model of communication.
- Transactional model of communication
- Interactive model of communication.
03: Linear model is a one way communication.
04: About linear model
- It is a one way model.
- There is no concept of feedback.
05: In transactional model, both the senders and receivers are communicators.
06: About transactional model
- This model relates communication with social reality, cultural up-bringing and relational context.
- Non-verbal feedback are also considered.
- Example of non-verbal feedbacks: gestures and body language.
07: The interactive model of also known as convergence model.
08: Helical model
- Dance developed helical model in 1967.
- It is based on a helix.
- It describes that how does a child learns to communicate.
09: The two major factors of helical model are as follows
- Previous experiences.
- Activities of the speaker.
10: Westley and MacLean’s model is conceptual which starts from the environment.
11: Lasswell’s, Aristotle’s, Shannon Weaver, and Berlo’s S-M-C-R models are known to follow linear model.
12: Different communication models that follow transactional model are as follows
- Barnlund’s transactional model.
- Helical model.
- Becker’s mosaic model.
14: J. Paul communication model is the most accepted model of communication.
15: Communicator is the first component of J. Paul model.
16: Feedback is the last component of J. Paul model. Audience response is second last.
17: Communicator is the source of the message.
18: A good message should be
- applicable by the audience.
- Appealing and attractive to the audience.
- Appropriate to the channel selected.
- Accurate and timely.
- Significant and specific.
- Clear and understandable.
- In line with the objectives to be attained.
19: Channel is considered as a physical bridge between sender and receiver.
20: What is the purpose of the treatment of the message is to make the message clear, understandable, and realistic to the audience.
21: An audience should be homogeneous.
22: Audience response one is the terminating element in the communication process.
23: A down ward communication may be written or oral.
24: Problem related to the transmission of message
- Wrong handling of the channel.
- Physical distraction.
- Wrong selection of channel.
- Use of inadequate channels in parallel.
25: Basics for verbal communication
- Maintain eye contact.
- Show sincerity.
- Be courteous.
- Take care of specific words and statement.
- Check your pronounciation.
- Modulate your voice and voice level.