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GM Crop Varieties with Examples


Main post: GM Crop Varieties With Examples. These are the genetically modified varieties of field, horticultural and other plant species. The technology behind this is genetic engineering.

Contents
(1). GM Potato
(2). GM Rice
(3). Transgenic Cotton
(4). Transgenic maize
(5). Transgenic tomato

(1). GM Potato

Also read: GM Potato Varieties (Cultivars)

1.1: Innate

Belongs to: Ranger Russet, Russet Burbank, and Atlantic potatoes.

Aproval: United States Department of Agriculture and Food and Drug Administration.

Year:

Approval by United States Department of Agriculture in 2014.

Approval by Food and Drug Administration 2015.

Scientist: J. R. Simplot Company

Developed against: Blackspot bruising and browning.

Objective: Lessening the amount of amino acid.

1.2: Previous varieties

1.2.1: New leaf

Development: By Mosanto in 1995.

Against: Colorado potato beetle.

Contains: Bt toxin.

Discontinued in: 2001.

1.2.2: Amflora

Development: BASF Plant Science.

Objective: Production of waxy starch production.

Discontinued: 2012.

1.3: Off market varieties

Desiree potato

Also read: Chromosome (2n) number of different vegetable crops

(2). GM Rice

Objectives

  • Increase in vitamin ‘A’ content.
  • To increase photosynthesis
  • Tolerant or resistant to herbicides.
  • Resistant against insect-pests.
  • Increase nutrients.
  • To increase protien.

In 2000, the first two GM rice varieties both with herbicide-resistance, called

2.1: LLRice60

  • Country: United States of America
  • Type: GM crop
  • Year of release: 2000
  • Particular: One of the first GM rice.

2.2: LLRice62

  • Country: United States of America
  • Type: GM crop
  • Year of release: 2000
  • Particular: One of the first GM rice.

2.3: Golden rice

Contains: Beta-carotene.

Objective: Production of vitamin ‘A’ rich grains.

Research research: 1982.

First scientific publication: 2000.

First field trial: By Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, United States of America, in 2004.

(3). Transgenic Cotton

3.1: Bt cotton

Against: Cotton bollworms, moths, butterflies, beetles.

First pproval: United States of America in 1993.

Introduction in India: In 2002, by Monsanto and Mahyco.

First commerical use: United States of America in 1995.

Objective: To produce pest resistant plants

Effective against: American, spotted, and pink bollworms.

Contains: Bacillus thuringiensis

(4). Transgenic maize

First crop: In 1996.

4.1: Starlink

It got approval for animal feed.

4.2: Attribute

Insect-pests resistant sweet corn.

4.3: DroughtGard

A drought resistant variety by Monsanto.

Objectives

  • Insect-pests resistant.
  • Herbicides resistant.

(5). Transgenic tomato

5.1: Flavr savr

First time release: 1994 (commercial release for consumption).

Characteristic

  • Longer shelf life.
  • Late ripening.
  • Environmental stress tolerance.
  • Insect-pests resistant.
  • Increase in nutritional values.

Also read: Cause of Whiptail in Cauliflower



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