Green Shadenet House: Scheme and Uses
Green Shadenet House, Scheme and Uses: It is a component of advance agricultural technology. The main purpose of a shadent house is to provide shade to plants. The Green Shadent House is very popular for growing the vegetable crops. Its common name is net house.
|(1). What are the importance of G.S.H.?|
|(2). What are the characteristics of a G.S.H.?|
|(3). Why G.S.H.?|
|(4). Why is it used?|
|(5). What should be the required qualities of a G.S.H.?|
|(6). What are the different designs of a G.S.H.?|
|(7). Government schemes|
(1). What are the importance of G.S.H.?
Answer: The importance of a G.S.H. are as follows
- Low cost protected cultivation.
- Off season production.
- Intensive cultivation.
- Quality production.
- More yield.
Protected cultivation is a component of advance agriculture. Other methods are glasshouses, lath houses, poly houses, and so on. These are high tech and high investment structures. Whereas, G.S.H. is a low cost structure as compare to other technologies, and at the same time it is a high tech structure.
Off season production is also possible in G.S.H. The summer season crop cultivation requires natural ventilation. The off season production of vegetable crops is more common inside a G.S.H. This technology is ideal for village farmers, considering their investment capacity.
Intensive cultivation of indeterminate varieties of tomato, chilli, bitter gourd, and other vegetable crops is practiced under a green shadent house. This will require less area, less investment, less management practices, and others.
As said earlier, it is a protected way of cultivation. Use of hybrid varieties, use of less amount of herbicides, use of less amount of insecticides, etc., help in producing better quality vegetables. For example: Use of mulching will reduce the heavy use of herbicides, protected structure will reduce the heavy use of insecticides, and the use of hybrid variety will perform better inside the G.S.H. to produce quality vegetable.
Hence, the advance technologies and scientific way of cultivation help in achieving more yield.
Also read: Types of mulch
(2). What are the characteristics of a G.S.H.?
- Clading material.
- Size of structure.
- Polling materials.
Clading material is green shadent. Its chemical composition contains UV stabilizer agents. The size of a G.S.H. varies according to farm owner. Iron poles are common in big shade houses, while wooden poles are the integral part of small size shade houses.
(3). Why G.S.H.?
- Quick modernization of farming.
- More crop in a year.
- To take more yield from per unit area.
- Efficient use of drip irrigation system.
- Best use of mulching technology.
Modern agriculture means the adoption of some advance technologies in farming, such as the application of modern farm machinery in agriculture. Vegetable farming is the field where modernization of the old techniques is necessary.
Crop can be grown during all season inside a shade house. Due to semi controlled microenvironment, year around cropping is possible. More yield from the same piece of land increases cropping density.
*Tip: Cultivation of paddy straw mushroom inside Green shade house is the best option
Efficient use of drip irrigation and mulches in Green Shadenet House
(1). There is no need to uninstall the secondary pipes each time.
(2). No physical damages to drip system by farm animals.
(3). Life span of plastic runs for a long time.
(4). No physical damage to the plastic mulch by farm animals and birds.
(5). Non physical damages to the plastic mulch by bad weather.
(4). Why is it used?
For the proper and efficient crop management practices.
(5). What should be the required qualities of a G.S.H.?
- Well established.
- Long life span.
- Strong enough to withstand the bad weather phenomena.
- UV resistant clading materials.
- HDPE (high definition poly ethylene) is that kind of clading material.
(6). What are the different designs of a G.S.H.?
Answer: The different designs of a G.S.H. are as follows
- Flat top + square.
- Gothic design.
- Other designs are not very popular.
The flat top design with rectangular or square layout is the most popular G.S.H. design.
(7). Government schemes
Green Shadent Houses are the part of government scheme. The department of horticulture directly benefits vegetable growing farmers through this scheme. Although it is a subsidy based scheme.
- Village level: Rural horticulture extension officer
- Block level: Senior horticulture development officer
- District level: Assistant director of horticulture
- Marginal farmers: 70%.
- Small farmers: 70%.
- Big farmers: 50%.
- Adhar card.
- Bank details.
- Land records.
- Passport size photo of the farmers.
- Panchayat prastav.
For: Green Shadent House: Scheme and Uses
Key words: Horticulture, vegetable science, vegetable farming, green net, shadenet price, UV, government scheme, mulch, drip irrigation, advance agriculture.