This page includes important information on grafting of fruit and vegetable plants. Answers are based on the practical works done in our farm.
Also read: Propagation methods in fruit plants
Grafting of fruit plants
Q. 01: What is the best time for grafting in mango?
The best time for grafting in mango are,
- South India: June to August
- Central India: July to September
- North India: July to September
Q. 02: How many days does grafting take place?
Successful grafting in days
- Vascular connection: 7 to 10 days
- Healing: 30 days
Q. 03: What care should be taken?
- Moisture should be 80-90%.
- Temperature should be below 32°C.
Q. 04: How many days does vegetable grafting take place?
Vegetable grafting, for example brinjal, tomato, and chili takes at least 7 days to make a graftage.
Q. 05: What is healing chamber?
Healing chamber is an enclosed chamber to provide favourable condition to gratage.
Q. 06: What materials are required to make a healing chamber?
- Polythene sheet.
- Thick cotton cladding material.
- Square/rectangular wooden or steel frame.
Q. 07: Do I need clips or tubes for vegetable grafting?
No, it is not necessary but it make the work more efficient and faster.
Q. 08: What are the different method of grafting?
- Side grafting
- Veneer grafting
- Cleft grafting
- Softwood grafting
Q. 09: For how many days are scions viable?
Scions are viable for at least 7 days after the detachment from the mother plant. We can keep it safe during summer by keeping it inside a home freezer in 1-2 point.
Q. 10: How to prepare a scion?
The preparation of scion is a very important step.
- Mango: Defoliate the leaves 7 days prior grafting.
- Cashew nut: Defoliate the leaves same as in mango.
- Jackfruit: No need to defoliate the leaves.
Q. 11: What should be the length of a scion?
The minimum length of a scion should be 7 cm and the maximum length of a scion should be 12 in some cases.
- Mango: Length of scion should be 7-10 cm.
- Cashew nut: Length of scion should be 7-12 cm.
- Jackfruit: Length of scion should be 7 cm.
Q. 12: What are the other methods of propagation?
The other methods of propagation are as follows:
Also read: Litchi Air Layering Time: Propagation Method
Q. 13: How many days does the callus formation take place in fruit plants?
Callus formation takes place at least 21 to 30 days in fruit plants.
Fruit and vegetable grafting
Q. 14: How many days does the callus formation take place in vegetable plants?
Callus formation takes place at least 14 to 21 days in vegetable plants.
Q. 15: How to graft mango?
Read one of the following post
Q. 16: What is soft wood grafting?
6 month old scions are grafted on current season terminal growth.
Q. 17: Do I need training for grafting?
Yes, it is very important to take training. You can make a successful graftage after training. There are many important thing to know such as age of root stock and scion, time, method, etc.
Q. 18: Do we need any chemical or plant hormone?
No, it is not required. No chemical or plant hormone is necessary in grafting of fruit plants.
Q. 19: What is a root stock?
A root stock is a vigorous seedling-plant. It is used in plant propagation. In a graftage, lower portion is scion.
Q. 20: What is a scion?
A scion is a plant shoot. It is used in plant propagation. In a graftage, upper portion is scion.
Q. 21: How to clean equipment?
Use 0.2% formalin to clean equipment
Q. 22: What are the basic rules of fruit plant grafting?
Basic rules are as follows:
- Preparation of healthy root stock.
- Selection of healthy and dormant scion.
- Using propagation chamber.
Q. 23: What are the basic rules of vegetable plant grafting?
- Looking for vigorous and healthy root stock.
- Selection of healthy and disease free scion.
- Using white shadenet house or polyhouse.
- Preparation of healing chamber.
Q. 24: How many days does vegetable grafting take place?
Vegetable grafting take place at least 21 days.
- Vascular connection: Establishment of vascular connection takes 3-7 days. It is healing period.
- Hardening of plant: It takes 14 days
Q. 25: What are the major constraints?
Major constraints are as follows:
- Low humidity in surrounding climate.
- Direct climate.
- Fungal attack.
Also read: Method of Propagation