Kadaknath farming: Price and Marketing

Kadaknath farming: Price, marketing, and benefits

What is kadaknath?

Kadaknath, also spelled Kadakhnath, is a breed of hen. It is an indigenous species of poultry. Although it is an indigenous breed of hen, it is very different from the other indigenous or desi breed of hen. This post, ‘Kadaknath Poultry Farming: Price and Marketing‘ describe about the commercial farming, management, and business of this breed of hen.

This is 3.5 years old

General information

Common nameKadaknath (कड़कनाथ)
Another nameKali masi (काली मासी)
OriginThe origin place is Madhya Pradesh, specially Dhar and Jhabua districts of the Indian state Madhya Pradesh.


Masi = Mass = Mans = मांस

Kali = काली

Which means, a hen which has black flesh.

Key words: Kadakhnath hen, Kadaknath hen.

Also read: How to get success in poultry farming?

(1). Importance of kadaknath poultry Farming
(2). Why to adopt this module of agribusiness?
(3). Characteristics of the breed
(4). Comparison with other breeds of hens
(5). How to start?
(6). Purchase chicks to start poultry farming
(7). Types of brooders
(8). Management
(9). Important points
(10). Marketing
(11). Frequently Asked Questions

Also read: Basic principles of poultry parming

(1). Importance of kadaknath poultry farming

  • Investment: Initial investment is low, you can start it with a very low budget.
  • Training: You can get training in a very short time.
  • Manure: Poultry manure is a excellent source of nutrients for plants. You can adopt it as mixed farming.
  • Use of land: You can use a waste piece of land for this.
  • Knowledge: You do require a little knowledge.

(2). Why to adopt this module of agribusiness?

  • It requires less area.
  • Low investment.
  • Investment on poultry feed is less.
  • High margin of profit.
  • Market price is high.
  • This breed of poultry is hardy than others.
  • Quick income.
  • It is an excellent source of protein.
  • Competition is very low.

(3). Characteristics of the breed

Also read: Poultry farming multiple choice questions

  • Appearance.
  • Colour.
  • Body weight.
  • Height.

3.1: Appearance

  • Size: The size of this breed of hen is 2.5 time more than the other local breeds of indigenous hens.
  • Shape: The body shape is similar to rectangular to semi-rounded.

3.2: Colour

The colour of this breed of hen is black.

  • Feather: Black, it is greenish black while shining.
  • Skin: It is whitish pale.
  • Legs: It is black. The legs become grayish after 1.5 – 3 years.
  • Beak: It is black.

3.3: Body weight

  • The weight of a fully developed hen is more than 1.5 kg.

(4). Comparison

4.1: Comparison/difference with broilers

Feather colourBlackWhite
Average body weight1 to 1.5 kg1.5 to 2 kg
Brooding habitThy are broodyThey are not broody
Average life cycleLongershorter

4.2: Comparison with layers

Feather colourBlackMainly white
Average body weight1 to 1.5 kg0.8 to 1 kg
Brooding habitThy are broodyThey are not broody
Average life cycleLongershorter

4.2: Comparison with the other breeds of desi hens

Feather colourBlackVarious
Average body weight1 to 1.5 kg0.8 to 1.5 kg
Brooding habitThy are broodyThey are more broody
Average life cycleLongerMedium

Also read: Best poultry farming book in Hindi

(5). How to start?

  • Selection of site.
  • Construction of poultry shed.
  • Purchasing kadakhnath chicks.

5.1: Selection of site

  • Site should be away from the residential area.
  • Don’t prefer sunken or marshy land.
  • It should get ample amount of sunlight.
  • Then site should be located at a ideal distance from the market of city.
  • There should be facility of road.

5.2: Construction of poultry shed

  • Make a fully ventilated poultry house.
  • Use locally available construction materials to cut the initial load.

5.3: Ways of poultry farming:

  • Intensive system.
  • Semi intensive.
  • Cheap house.
  • Deep litter.

5.3.1: Intensive system

  • Thickness of layer is 6 inch to 12 inch.
  • It is best for cool regions.

5.3.2: Semi intensive system

50 birds require a 270 sq. feet area.
Regular cleaning is necessary.

5.3.3: Cheap house

  • It has an additional open place which is attached to poultry house.
  • The poultry house has block structure.

5.3.4: Deep litter

  • It requires less area.
  • Deep litter is formed over the time.
  • The system automatically provides vitamin B2.
  • It facilitates low temperature during the summer season.

The longer side of poultry house should face East – West direction, while the windows should face North direction.

Management of light: Use 40 watt bulbs for each 100 sq. feet area. Give 17 hours of artificial light for adults. Use 40 watt bulbs for each 200 SQ feet area for broilers.

(6). Purchase chicks to start poultry farming

Also read: Backyard poultry farming scheme

  • Purchase one day old chicks.
  • Always purchase vaccinated chicks.
  • Rare it using brooders (scroll down this page to see description about brooders).
  • Raise your chicks.
  • Start breeding programme.

6.1: Breeding

6.1.1: Selection of the female birds

  • Select the best bird from the flock.
  • The mother of female bird should be broody in nature, and it should have record of giving 200 – 300 eggs in a year.
  • Abdomen should be bigger.
  • The shape of body should be round.

6.1.2: Selection of the male birds

  • Male should be big and strong.
  • Eye should be bright and bigger.
  • Legs should be strong.
  • A male should be very active.
  • Beak should be curved.

*Note: Keep one male among ten female hens.

6.1.3: After breeding

  • Separate the eggs.
  • Incubate the eggs.
  • Care of young chicks. Separate the eggs

(a). Grade A eggs: Weight is over 50g.
(b). Grade B eggs: Weight is over 40g, but less than 50g.
(c). Grade C eggs: Weight is over 30g, but less than 40g.
(d). Grade D eggs: Weight is less than 30g.

*Note: Use bigger eggs eggs to incubate. Incubate the eggs

You can use:

  • Broody hens.
  • Artificial brooders.

Use broody hens or purchase an artificial brooder. Care of young chicks

Adopt modern technology for brooding chicks. We have to create microenvironment by using brooders. It can brood 500 – 1000 chicks at the same time. Brooders are known as foster mother.

(7). Types of brooders

  • Colony brooder.
  • Hover brooder.
  • Irradiation energy brooder.
  • Battery brooder.
  • Infrared brooder.
  • Indian brooders.

7.1: Colony brooder:

  • It has high capacity.
  • Size is 3 × 4 m.
  • Famous in foreign countries.
  • These are two types of brooder, e.g., movable and fixed type.

7.2: Hover brooder:

  • This is indoor brooder.
  • Temperature inside the brooder is 90 °F – 95 °F.
  • Electricity is the source of heat.
  • We can use gas as a replacement of electricity.

7.3: Irradiation energy brooder:

  • This method is not used in India.
  • Both the floor and the walls of a brooder are warm due to irradiation process.

7.4: Battery brooder

  • There are 2 to 5 compartments.
  • Whole structure is reticular.
  • It has a tray to collect the poops of chicken.
  • We can keep more number of chicks in a small space.
  • 500 chicks require 8′ × 10′ battery brooder.

7.5: Infrared brooder

  • It has infrared bulbs.
  • A 250 watt bulb is sufficient for 100 chicks in a 50 sq. feet area.

7.8: Indian brooders

Also read: Low risk agribusinesses

Types of Indian brooders: (a). Lamp operated brooders. (b). Electric brooders.

7.8.1: Lamp brooders: Basket brooder

  • It is a round basket.
  • This type of brooder is very simple and cheap.
  • The size of the basket is based on the number of chicks.
  • There is a layer of soil on the base of basket to keep it cool.
  • Lamp is the source of heat. Wooden box-like brooder

  • Size of the wooden frame is 90 × 60 × 60 cm.
  • There is a mesh beneath the box.
  • Make a layer of grass.
  • Remove the grass when chicks start to roam freely.
  • Lamp is the source of heat or energy. Improved box-like brooder

  • It is rectangular.
  • Size of the brooder is 90 × 60 × 20 cm.
  • Both base and upper sides have mesh.
  • It has four stands.
  • 55 to 60 chicks can be kept at the same time.
  • It is suitable both for the indoor and outdoor situations.

7.8.3: Electric:

  • Structure is similar to lamp brooders.
  • Electric bulbs are used in place of lamp.
  • It is cheaper than lamp brooders.
  • Electric brooders has more capacity than lamp brooders.
  • Temperature during first week is 95 °F.
  • Second week temperature is 90 ° F.
  • Third week temperature is 85 ° F.
  • Fourth week temperature is 80 ° F.
  • Next week temperature: Main 80 ° F.

7.8.4: Cool brooders

  • These are simple brooders.
  • The brooders have holes.
  • There is no way of additional heat.
  • It has a layer of grass.
  • Cool brooders are beneficial for bigger chicks.
  • It is ideal for the location where the temperature fluctuation is more.
  • It had low capacity.

(8). Management

  • Management of poultry feed.
  • Poultry diseases and their management.

8.1: Management of poultry feed

  • Try to grow fodder crops in your own field.
  • Purchase concentrate poultry feed from any agricultural shop.

A 1 – 6 weeks old chick requires 22 % protein, 2900 kcal energy.

For 100 kg starter feed:

Mixture: 45 kg maize meal, 10 kg wheat, 30 kg groundnut, 12 kg fish meal, 2.5 kg minerals, 0.5 kg salt.

Quantity of dietary supplements in 100g poultry feed:

(a). Vitamin A: 2g to 4g.
(b). Vitamin B: 0.5g.
(c). Vitamin D3: 0.3g to 0.6g.
(d). Manganese sulphate: 22g.

8.2: Poultry diseases and their management

Also read: Major diseases of poultry and management

  • Ranikhet and its management.
  • Coccidiosis and its management.
  • Fowl pox and its management.

8.2.1: Ranikhet and its management

Sudden death (read it on full article).

8.2.2: Coccidiosis and its management


  • Severe and bloody diarrhoea.
  • No hungry.
  • Thirsty birds.
  • Sudden death.

Control: Use antibiotics

  • Coxidol.
  • Amdon.
  • Stenorol, etc.

8.2.3: Fowl pox and its management


  • Appearance of blisters on the face and around the eyes of chicks.
  • Young birds are more susceptible.

Control: Vaccination is very necessary.

(9). Important points

  • Keep the chicks inside the brooder to avoid any infection.
  • Disinfect all equipment before the use.
  • Use clean place to keep the chicks.
  • Don’t mix small chicks with adults.
  • Clean young chicks by suing warm water.
  • Separate the male and female chicks immediately after the identification.
  • Immediately separate the diseased hens.
  • Follow vaccination schedule.

(10). Marketing

Also read: Top 10 farming business ideas

You have to gain knowledge about marketing before making marketing strategy.

The minimum price of Kadakhnath is 600.00 rs. per kg, while the maximum price is 900.00 to 1,200.00 rs. per kg.

(11). Frequently Asked Questions

Question 01. What is the colour of eggs?

Answer: The colour of eggs is white to dark gray.

Question 02. Are kadaknath females broody?

Answer: Yes, they are broody.

Question 03. Can we use incubator to incubate the eggs?

Answer: Yes, you can use egg incubators to incubate the eggs.

Question 04. Is there any government scheme?

Answer: Yes, but it is in Madhya Pradesh.

Question 05. Which is the most dangerous disease of this breed of poultry?

Answer: Ranikhet is the most dangerous disease of this breed of poultry.

Question 06. Is there any type of restriction of farming against this breed of poultry?

Answer: No, there is no restriction of farming against this breed of poultry.

Answer 07. Which type of breed kadakhnath is?

Answer: It is best for chicken.

Question 08. Which is the best way of poultry farming?

Answer: Deep litter system is the best way of poultry farming.

For: Kadaknath farming, price and marketing

Last update: 17-10-2021

External links

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