Land Capability Classification
What is land capability?
Land capability shows the capability of a land to support vegetative growth. Land are used for agriculture, pasture and forestry. Factors affecting land capability are: Nature of soil and properties of soil. In this post we will know about Land Capability Classification.
|(1). List: Land Capability Classification|
|(2). Description from class I to VIII|
Also read: Types of cropping systems
(1). List: Land Capability Classification
(A). Land suitable for cultivation.
(B). Land not suitable for cultivation.
(A). Land suitable for cultivation
(a). Class I.
(b). Class II.
(c). Class III.
(d). Class IV.
(B). Land not suitable for cultivation
(a). Class V.
(b). Class VI.
(c). Class VII.
(d). Clsass VIII.
(2). Description form class I to VII
- No limitation.
- Intensive crop cultivation.
- Permanent irrigation system.
- Water holding capacity is high.
- Only crop management practices are required.
- Example: Indo Gangetic Plains.
Also read: Ideotypes of different field crops
- Moderate limitations.
- Conservation practices.
- Limiting factors: Gentle slope, saline condition, inadequate soil depth etc.
- Examples: Deep red soils, black soils.
- Management practices: Strip cropping, contour tillage, rotation.
- Severe limitations.
- Requires conservation.
- Limitations: Steep slope, high erosion hazard, very slow water permeability, restricted root zone, low fertility.
- Examples: Shallow red soil, slightly saline black soil,
- Management practices: Crop rotation, drainage.
- Very severe limitations.
- Choice of crop is very necessary.
- Suitable for occasional cultivation.
- Extensive use of close growing crops.
- Best suitable for pasture.
- Requires very careful management.
- Examples: Shallow soils, saline soils, alkaline soils.
Also read: Agronomy one liner
- Not suitable for cultivation.
- Short growing season.
- Pond areas.
- Drainage is not possible.
- Stony or rocky soils.
- Interference from stream flow.
- Arid soils, uneven soils.
Moderate limitations when grazing is considered.
Severe limitations for:
- Wood land.
- Severe limitations for any type of agricultural activity.
- Extremely rough land.
- Restricted for wildlife, watershed protection, sandy beaches, river wash etc.
- Crop management practice according to land and moisture.
- Agronomic and engineering measures.
- There are 8 classes of land.
- First 4 classes are suitable for cultivation.
- Last 4 classes are not suitable for cultivation.
- Crop management practices are necessary for crop production.
Also read: Agronomy mcq