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List of Agroforestry Plants/Trees


Examples agroforestry plants

List of agroforestry plants. See examples and descriptions. Major trees of India. Scientific name, family and use. Multiple choice questions on agroforestry.

From the top left: 1. Bamboo. 2. Aonla. 3. Indian rose
List of contents
(A). List of agroforestry plants
(B). Description
(C). Other plants from the same category
(D). Other leguminous plants/trees

(A). List of agroforestry plants/trees

  • River tamarind.
  • Teak.
  • Eucalyptus.
  • Neem tree.
  • Babul tree.
  • Bamboo.
  • Indian beech or Karanj.
  • Indian rosewood or shisham.
  • Flame of the forest.
  • Kher.
  • Moringa, Munga, Sahjan, drumstick
  • Faidherbia.

(B). Description

Also read: Agroforestry Multiple Choice Objective Questions

(1). River tamarind

Scientific nameLeucaena leucocephala
FamilyFabaceae
Usefulness1. Soil fertility: It fixes N in soil. Hence, it increases soil fertility.
2. Fodder: Leaves are the excellent source of food.
3. Firewood: Silviculture practices give firewood.
4. Green manure: Leaves are used for making green manure.

(2). Teak

Scientific nameTectona grandis
FamilyLamiaceae
Usefulness1. The seeds have high oil content.
2. We use it to make home furniture, chair, table, and much more.

(3). Eucalyptus

Scientific nameEucalyptus globulus
FamilyMyrtaceae
Description1. It is a very high tree.
2. It bears narrow leaves.
3. Fruits are very small.
Usefulness1. Timber: Timbers are long.
2. Timbers are used as firewood, poles, and fencing materials.
3. Leaves contains essential oils.
4. Tasmanian blue gum leaves are the source of herbal tea.

(4). Neem tree

Scientific nameAzadirachta indica
FamilyMeliaceae
Description1. Neem is a fast growing medium tree.
2. It has a oval shape canopy with wide and spreading branches.
3. The tree bears small leaves.
4. It is a deciduous tree.
Usefulness1. Food: Neem flower is a vegetable.
2. Insecticide: Neem oil is a synthetic insecticide.
3. Fertilizer: Neem cake is a source of organic fertilizer.
4. Tooth brush: Tender twigs are a tooth cleaner.
5. Dry branches are firewood.
6. Traditional medicine: All parts have medicinal properties.
7. Other uses: Fodder, green manure, etc.

(5). Babul tree

Scientific nameVachellia nilotica
FamilyFabaceae
Description1. It is a small to medium tre.
2. It is a deciduous tree.
3. The tree branches have too much thorns.
4. Leaves are very small.
5. Flowers are yellow.
Usefulness1. It fixes N in soil.
2. Wood is very hard and strong, and used in architectural works.
3. Fire wood.
4. Live fence.

(6). Mahua

Scientific nameMadhuca longifolia
FamilySapotaceae
Description1. It is a big tree
2. Leaves are very broad and rough.
3. Tree trunk has large.
4. Tree is very hardy.
5. It is deciduous tree.
Usefulness1. Flowers are of commercial use.
2. Mahua drink is prepared from mahua flowers.
3. Seeds contain edible oil.
4. Mahua oil cakes is a source of organic manure.
5. Mahua oil cake is cattle food.
6. Branches are a source of firewood.

(7). Bamboo

Scientific nameBambusa spp.
FamilyPoaceae
(Sub-family: Bambusoideae)
Description1. It is a tall tree.
2. It has a single main stem.
3. Main stem has many alternate branches.
4. Leaves are very long, slender and narrow.
Usefulness1. Making chairs.
2. Boat making.
3. Firewood.
4. Home construction.
5. Leaves as cattle fodder.
6. Leaves as green manure.

(8). Indian beech or Karanj

Scientific nameMillettia pinnata
FamilyFabaceae
Description1. It is a medium size.
2. The tree is evergreen.
3. It bears oval or hear shape leaves.
4. Leaves are medium in size.
5. The tree has a dense canopy.
Usefulness1. Wind breaks.
2. Firewood.
3. Home appliances.
4. Green manure.
5. Twig as a tooth cleaner.
6. All parts have medicinal properties.

(9). Indian rosewood or shisham

Scientific nameDalbergia sissoo
FamilyFabaceae
Description1. Tall.
2. Evergreen.
Usefulness1. Timber.
2. Furniture.
3. Firewood.
4. Nitrogen fixation.

(10). Flame of the forest

Scientific nameDelonix regia
FamilyFabaceae
Description1. Medium size tree
2. It is semi deciduous.
Usefulness1. Firewood.
2. Nitrogen fixing.
3. Ornamental landscape gardening.

(11). Kher

Scientific nameSenegalia catechu
FamilyFabaceae
DescriptionIt is a medium size tree.
UsefulnessKher is the source of katha.

(12). Moringa, Munga, Sahjan, drumstick

Scientific nameMoringa oleifera
FamilyMoringaceae
Description1. It is a medium size tree.
2. Tree is deciduous.
3. Branches are fragile.
4. Leaves are small and ovule.
5. Flower is white.
Usefulness1. Flower is a source of vegetable food.
2. Leaves are a source of vegetable food.
3. Drumstick is a vegetable.
4. Leaves have medicinal properties.

(13). Faidherbia

Scientific nameFaidherbia albida
FamilyFabaceae
Description1. It is a small to medium tree.
2. It has Thorns.
3. Leaves a pinnate and small.
4. Dominant in Africa.
Usefulness1. The tree fixes nitrogen in soil.
2. Leaves serve as camel food.

(C). Other agroforestry plants/trees

Also read: Silviculture mcq for agroforestry

S.N.Common nameScientific nameFamily
1.TamarindTamarind indicaFabaceae
2.Vegetable hummingbirdSesbania grandifloraFabaceae
3.DhainchaSesbania bispinosaFabaceae
4.Black locustRobinia pseudoacaciaFabaceae
5.JandProsopis cinerariaFabaceae
6.Chilean mesquiteProsopis chilensisFabaceae
7.White carob treeProsopis albaFabaceae
8.Madras thornPithecellobium dulceFabaceae
9.Yello poincianaPeltophorum ferrugineumFabaceae
10.Jarusalem thornParkinsonia aculeataFabaceae

(D). Other leguminous plants/trees

S.N.Common nameScientific name
1.SandanOugeinia oojeinense
2.QuickstickGliricidia sepium
3.Australian pine treeCasuarina equisetifolia
4.Golden shower Cassia fistula
5.PalashButea monosperma
6.Orchid treeBauhinia variegata
7.Egyptian riverhempSesbania aegyptica
8.Ashoka treeSaraca indica
9.Monkey pod treeSamanea saman
10.Gum arabic treeAcacia nilotica

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