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List of Major and Minor Fruit-Crops of India

List of Major Fruit-crops

The Major Fruit-crops or Major Fruits (Translation>मुख्य फल वाले फसल”) are a category of fruit-crops. The other important group of fruit-crops is ‘minor fruits or minor fruit-crops’.

We can easily identity a major fruit by it’s use, range of acceptance and scientific classification. The most important criteria, for a fruit to be called as major fruit, is its scientific classification.

Just like the minor fruits, the shape and size, and the availability etc., are not the necessary factors while defining the term major fruit-crops.

The major fruit crops grown in India definitely play the very important role in Indian economy. The major fruit, for example- mango, is cultivated in large extent in India. And, it is also known as the ‘King of Fruit’.

Index: Major Fruit-crops

1. Criteria for a major fruit.
2. Importance.
3. Characteristic of major fruit-crops.
4. List of Major Fruit Crops.
5. Scientific Description of Major Fruit Crops.

Ambe bahar in guava

(1). Criteria to for a major fruit

1. Cultivation.
2. Occurrence.
3. Scientific classification.


Generally, major fruits come in the category of traditionally grown fruit crops, e.g., mango is a traditionally grown fruit crops in India.

These fruit plants are grown in commercial scale in commercial orchards. Many orchard over hundreds of fruit trees can be seen in India.

(1). Orchards of mango. (2). of citrus. (3). Orchards of ber.
(4). Orchards of banana,
(5). Orchards of papaya, etc., are very common.

Mrig bahar in guava


These plant-trees are rarely seen in wild. Although, wild species of major fruits are common in wild places. For example- Wild species of mango (M. sylvatica) is common in Tropical Indian Forests.

Scientific Classification

It is the most important criteria. The ‘scientific classification of fruit-crops’ classifies fruits into two major groups. The scientific classification of fruit-crops is as follows:

1. Major fruits.
2. Minor fruits.

Example of major fruits

Tropical and subtropical major fruits- Mango, banana, papaya etc.

Temperate zone Manor fruits- Apple, peach, pear etc.

Example of minor fruits

Tropical and subtropical minor fruits- Aonla, custard apple etc.

Temperate zone minor fruits- Avocado.

Litchi air layering

(2). Importance (in reference to use)

1. Major Source of Vitamins and Other Micronutrients
2. Ornamental use.

Major source of vitamins and other micronutrients: All minor fruits are major source some very important micronutrient. Karonda is a very important source of vitamin C.

Ornamental use: Many plants fruit plants are ornamental and useful for kitchen and public garden etc. Many dwarf varieties of fruit plant are used as ornamental bonsai.

What is ber or bora

(3). Characteristic (in reference to cultivation)

1. Extensive cultivation.
2. Improved varieties.
3. Less resistant to pests.

Extensive cultivation

Generally, these are grown in a large area. For example – mango is grown in each tropical and subtropical regions of India.

Imp. Varieties

It means – the fruit quality will be better than their parents.

Less resistant to pests

These are less resistant against the various species of pest than their wild forms.

(4). List of Major Fruit Crops

List of Tropical and Subtropical fruits


List of Temperate fruit


(5). Scientific Description of Minor Fruit Crops (List of Major Fruit-crops)

The Major Fruit-crops or Major Fruits are a category of fruit-crops. The other important group of fruit-crops is ‘minor fruits or minor fruit-crops’.

Wild cashew

Most of the major fruits of India belong to tropics


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