Method of Propagation

Propagation methods of different horticultural plants

Healthy and good quality fruit plants are the foundation of successful and remunerative production of the different horticultural crops. There are scores of nurserymen in different horticultural belts who multiply horticultural plants for supplying to the growers. Majority of them are still producing these plants on traditional lines. Therefore the need for modernising our nurseries become more urgent with rising demand of pedigree plants.

Moreover, the plant propagation has become a vastly specialised industry involving a large outlay of certified and highly developed skill and technology. The propagation of plants has log been recognised as a fundamental practice in the field of horticulture. The methods of vegetative and non-vegetative propagation have been listed in this post.

Propagation method of fruit plants

S.N.Name of fruit plantMethod of propagation
1.Mango1. Stone or epicotyl grafting
2. Veneer grafting
3. Side grafting
4. Inarching
5. Budding (rare)
6. Cutting (rare)
7. Seed
2.Guava1. Air layering
2. Mound layering
3. Seed
3.Citrus group1. Seed
2. Air layering
3. T budding
4. Mound layering
5. Cutting
4.Banana1. Suckers
2. Tissue culture
3. Rhizomes
5.Ber1. T budding
2. Ring budding
3. Forket budding
4. Patch budding
5. Seed
6.Litchi1. Seed
2. Air layering in litchi
7.Jamun1. Softwood grafting
2. Seed
8.Cashew nut1. Softwood grafting
2. Seed
9.Coconut1. Nut seed
10.Tamarind1. Seed
2. Grafting
11.Apple1. Seed
2. Budding
3. Softwood cutting
12.Pineapple1. Suckers
2. Offsets
3. Crowns
13.Pear1. Suckers
2. Cutting
3. Hardwood cutting
4. Softwood cutting
14.Date palm1. Suckers
2. Offsets
15.Straqberry1. Runners
16.Grape1. Cutting
2. Hardwood cutting
17.Plum1. Cutting
2. Hardwood cutting
3. Softwood cutting
18.Pomegranate1. Cutting
2. Hardwood cutting
19.Olive1. Semi hardwood cutting
20.Peach1. Softwood cutting
Also read: Propagation methods in fruit plants

Important things to know

  1. Veneer grafting is commercial method of propagation in mango
  2. Root hormone is very useful in cutting of fruit plants
  3. Budding is a difficult practice than grafting
  4. Cutting is the easiest way of plant propagation
  5. Time of grafting is very important
  6. Air layering is very common in litchi and citrus
  7. Budding should be performed during the active vegetative stage of a plant.
  8. Cutting is not common in propagation of fruit plants

Propagation method of vegetable plants

S.N.Name of vegetable plantMethod of propagation
1.Tomato1. Seed
2. Grafting
2.Brinjal1. Seed
2. Grafting
3.Chilli1. Seed
2. Grafting
4.Cucurbits1. Seed
2. Grafting
5.Cole crops (cabbage, cauliflower, knolkhol etc.)1. Seed
6.Potato1. Tubers
2. True potato seeds
3. Grafting (pomato)
7.Yam cropsRhizomes
8.Okra1. Seed

Important things to know

  1. Night shade is a good root stock for tomato grafting
  2. Solanum torvum is a very vigorous root stock. It is used for grafting of brinjal plant
  3. We can easily graft tomato on egg plant

Also read

Propagation method of ornamental plants

S.N.Name of ornamental plantMethod of propagation
1.Marigold1. Seed
2. Terminal cutting
2.Rose1. Seed
2. Cutting
3. T budding
3.Gladiolus 1. Tuber
4.Bougainvillea1. Hardwood cutting
2. Semi hardwood cutting
5.Hibiscus1. Hardwood cutting
2. Semi hardwood cutting

Important things to know

  1. Rose cutting is very sensitive to rotting. It is very necessary to use root hormone to get fast rooting before the rotting.
  2. Success rate is very high in cutting of croton
  3. Bougainvillea is very easy to prepare by cutting
  4. T budding is the commercial method of propagation in rose
  5. Hibiscus is very easy to prepare by cutting

Propagation method of spices and other plants

S.N.Name of plantMethod of propagation
1.Turmeric1. Rhizomes
2.Ginger1. Rhizomes
3.Garlic1. Cloves
4.Onion1. Bulbs
2. Seed
5.Curry leaf1. Seed
2. Cutting

Important things to know

  1. One season old onion bulbs are used in seed production programme
  2. Best time for propagation is rainy season

Also read: Steps in Vegetable Seed Production Programme


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