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Pot vegetable farming


What is pot vegetable farming?

Pot is a type of container which is used for growing ornamental plants. Plastic, cement, and earthen pots are the three types of pots.
Pot vegetable farming is a new concept of vegetable growing in which different vegetables such as tomato, brinjal, chilli, okra, etc., are grown in a pot.

Contents
(1). Importance
(2). Selection of pots
(3). Preparation of soil media
(4). Procedure of potting
(5). Raising of nursery
(6). Planting
(7). Management practices
(8). Harvesting
(9). Repotting
(10). Drawbacks

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(1). Importance

  • Water management.
  • Weed management.
  • Nutrient management.
  • Preparation of soil.

1.1: Water management

  • Water management becomes easy.
  • Installation of irrigation system is necessary.
  • Water use efficiency is high.
  • Hence, it is possible when water available is low.

1.2: Weed management

  • Management of weed becomes easy.
  • Appearance of weed is specific to a location.
  • Emergence of weed is very low.
  • No weedicide is necessary.
  • Hand weeding is sufficient.

1.3: Nutrient management

  • Nutrient management is relatively easy.
  • Per pot requires small amount of nutrients.
  • Application of nutrients is easy through fertigation method.

1.4: Preparation of soil

  • Soil preparation becomes very easy.
  • We have to prepare soil media.

Also read: What is seed plot technique in potato?

(2). Selection of pots

  • Size should be uniform.
  • It should be strong.
  • Any type of pot should be resistant to heat.
  • Pot should be intact.
  • It should have small holes at bottom.
  • Size of the pot shoud be considered.

(3). Preparation of soil media

Components of soil media are as follows:

  • Garden soil.
  • Sand.
  • Farm yard manure.

Ratio of the components should 2:1:1

  • Garden soil:  2 parts
  • Sand: 1 part
  • Farm yard manure: 1 part

Mix all the components thoroughly.

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(4). Procedure of potting

  • Method 01: Place each pot at previously marked spots, then fill it with soil media.
  • Method 02: Fill the pots using soil media, then place it at previously marked spot.
  • Fill 3/4 parts of a pot with soil media.

(5). Raising of nursery

  • Make a raised nursery.
  • Sow the seed of plants at least one month before transplanting.

(6). Planting

  • Transplant 30 to 40 days old plant.
  • Plants should have 3 to 4 leaves.

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(7). Management practices

7.1: Installation of irrigation system

  • Use drip irrigation system.

7.2: Weed management

  • Apply hand weeding.

7.3: Nutrient management

  • Apply it through drip system.

(8). Harvesting

  • Don’t damage the pots during harvesting.

(9). Repotting

  • Do it again for new crop.
  • Follow the same procedure.

(10). Drawbacks

  • Initial cost is high.
  • Repotting is necessary.
  • Physical damages requires reinvestment.

Also read: Water activity in fruits and vegetables

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