Rice Bowl of India Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh the Rice Bowl of India


About Chhattisgarh
Ecological regions
Chhattisgarh the Rice Bowl of India
CG State or Credible Chhattisgarh

Also read: CG Government Schemes

(01). About Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is one of the state of Republic of India. It is a state of Central India which also includes Madhya Pradesh.

Hindi name: छत्तीसगढ़ (Chhattisgarh)
English name
Known as: Rice Bowl of India (धान का कटोरा)
Other name: छत्तीसगढ़ महतारी (Chhattisgarh Mahtari), दक्षिण कोसल (Dakshin Kosal)

Also read: Department of agriculture Chhattisgarh, schemes for farmers

(02). Meaning

Chhattisgarh = ३६ गढ़ = 36 forts

Existence of 36 forts in encient Chhattisgarh.

List of 36 forts (ref. 01)

List 01 of 06:

  • Akaltara
  • Aparora.
  • Aukhar.
  • Champa.
  • Chhuri.
  • Durg.

List 02 of 06:

  • Figeswar.
  • Kautgarh.
  • Kenda.
  • Khallari.
  • Kharound.
  • Kurkuti-kandri.

List 03 of 06:

  • Lafa.
  • Lavan.
  • Maro.
  • Matin.
  • Menhadi.
  • Nawagarh.

List 04 of 06:

  • Omera.
  • Padarbhatta.
  • Patan.
  • Pendra.
  • Rajim.
  • Raipur.

List 05 of 06:

  • Ratanpur.
  • Saradha.
  • Semriya.
  • Simaga.
  • Singarpur.
  • Singhangarh.

List 06 of 06:

  • Sirasa.
  • Sirpur.
  • Sondhi.
  • Suvarmar.
  • Tenganagarh
  • Vijaypur.

(03). Ecological regions

The three major ecological regions of Chhattisgarh are as follows:

  • Hilly areas of Northern Chhattisgarh
  • Plains of Central Chhattisgarh
  • The plateau of Southern Chhattisgarh

3.1 Hilly areas of Northern Chhattisgarh

Dist.: Ambikapur, Balrampur, Jashpur, Surajpur, Koriya, Korba (North areas), Raigarh (North areas), Gaurela-pendra (North areas).

Loro Ghati Jashpur

3.1.1 Characteristics


  • Dense forest.
  • Hills and hillocks.
  • Pat regions.

Weather and climate

  • Subtropical.
  • High temperature during summer.
  • Medium rain = Nicha Ghat.
  • Heavy rain = Uppar Ghat or Pat regions.

Crop pattern

  • Major crop: Rice
  • Traditional crop: Rice, tomato, Cole crops, wheat (some extent).
  • Non-traditional crop: Maize, tea (Jashpur), groundnut, pea, brinjal, bitter gourd etc.

Major agricultural tradition: Sarna Puja (for rice production).

3.2 Plains of Central Chhattisgarh

Dist.: Raipur, Bilaspur, Gaurela-pendra, Janjgir-Champa, Gariyaband, Korba, Raigarh, Mungeli, Baloda Bazar, Kawardha, Bemetara, Durg, Balod, Dhamtari, Raj Nandgaon.

3.2.1 Characteristics


  • Large plains.
  • Major rivers.
  • Major water bodies such as reservoirs.

Weather and climate

  • Subtropical.
  • High temperature during summer.
  • Low to medium rainfall = Nicha Ghat.

Crop pattern

  • Major crop: Rice
  • More than 90% area is covered by rice crop.
  • Traditional crop: Rice and some vegetable crops.
  • Non-traditional crop: Fruit crops

Chhattisgarh the Rice Bowl of Inda

The Plains of Chhattisgarh

The geographical area of Chhattisgarh Plains is …. square kilometer. The soil of Chhattisgarh Plains is very fertile due to the alluvial deposits of Mahanadi River System with …. square kilometer of catchment area.

This area is known for immense rice production.

Following things contribute in high rice production:

  1. Fertile soil.
  2. River System

Although this region receives less amount of annual rain than the Northern and Southern Zones, but much of rain water reaches to this area by thousands of small+big river systems.

See data

Data will be uploaded…

Rice is sole crop of the plains of Chhattisgarh, and due to immense production of rice this is called as the Rice Bowl of India.

The previous Cheif Minister of the state is also know as Chaoor or Chaur Wale Baba (चाऊर वाले बाबा).

3.3 The Plateau of Southern Chhattisgarh

Dist.: Kanker, Kondagaon, Narayanpur, Bastar, Bijapur, Dantedwada, Sukma.

4.1 Characteristics

4.1.1 Geography

  • Dense forest.
  • Hills and hillocks.
  • Vast plateau.

4.1.2 Weather and climate

  • Tropical and Subtropical
  • High temperature during summer.
  • Rainfall: Heavy rainfall.

4.1.3 Crop pattern

  • Major crop: Rice
  • Traditional crop: Rice, vegetable crops, fruit crops.

For: Chhattisgarh the Rice Bowl of India


  1. Verma B. S. (2003). छत्तीसगढ़ का इतिहास. Madhya Pradesh Hindi Granth Academy, Bhopal (M.P.). 4th edition, P7.

Last updated: 02/09/2021

*Explore other contents in our blog’s home page archives from here..

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *