Rose Plant Online at Best Price

Buy rose plant online at best price

You can buy Hybrid Tea rose at best price from here

Rose cultivation practice after buying plants

Rose is a leading ornamental cut flower India as well as in the international market.

Rosa indica is the Indian species while Rosa hybrida is a hybrid species. It belongs to the family rosaceae.

History

Its cultivation in India developed with the distillation of roses as mentioned by Charaka in Ayurveda around 1000 AD. There are 120 species under the genus Rosa.

Also read: How do you repot your flower plants

Virtues of rose in the human cultivation

Rose remains the flower of love in different occasions.

Red species stands for innocence, purity and humanity.
Orange flowers symbolise passion and desire.
Pink flowers show happiness, grace and sweetness.
All light roses symbolise friendship.
Wild species are the symbol of simplicity.

Meaning of dozen flowers

A dozen flowers means there are dozen way I care for you.
2 dozen flowers means 24 hours in a day, one thinks for 24 hours every day for you.
4 dozen means unconditional love for you.
No other gift replaces this flower in conveying love in the society.

Also read: Establishment of Kitchen Garden at Home

Different uses of rose

Shrub or bush
Standard
Climber
Hedge
Edge
Rock plant
Pot plant
Hanging basket plant
Cut flower
Perfume and allied products
As a source of vitamin
Potpourris and dry flowers

Important categories of rose

Hybrid Teas: It is a cross between Hybrid perpetual × Teas rose. First cultivar is La France in 1867.
Floribundas: It is a cross between Hybrid Teas × Perpetual polyanthas. First cultivar is Rodhatte in 1924.
Hybrid perpetual: It is off-springs of Rosa chinensis, R. gallica and R. centifolia.
Tea scented China roses: Origin from Rosa chinensis and R. gigantea. First cultivar is Anna Olivier in 1872.
Grandifloras: It is a cross between Hybrid Teas and Floribundas.
Polyanthas: It is ancestry of crosses of R. multiflora, R. wichuriana and R. chinensis. First cultivar is La Plaquette in 1875.

Other categories

China roses
Miniatures
Damask: Rosa damascena
Bourbon: Rosa bourboniana
Cabbage: Rosa centifolia
French rose: Rosa gallica
Alba
Musk: Rosa moschata
Rugosas: Rosa rugosa
Australian briars: Rosa foetida
Moss group: Modified bristles looking like moss
Ramblers: Rosa wichuriana, R. multiflora
Moisette: Rosa chinensis × R. moschata

Important cultivars of cut roses

Also read: Important rose varieties

Vivaldi, tineke, taxas, susanne, soledo, sangaria, sandy, samura, sacha, rossini, rodeo, pavrotte, parea, papillon, osiana, noblesse, nicole, laser, lambada, konfetti, kiss, grand gala, first red, femma, diplomat, corvetti, cora.

Factors affecting growth

Environmental factors
Management factors
Harvest and post harvest factors

Temperature: Day temperature should be 18-28°C. Night temperature should be 15-18°C.
Ideal photoperiod is over 12 hours and the light intensity is 6000-8000 foot candles.
Relative humidity is 50-60%.
Optimum level of CO2 should be 1000-3000 ppm.

Factors affecting flowering

Condition of soil
Nutrition
Pruning
Pinching
Disbudding
De-shooting
Bending of shoots
Defoliation
Removal of faded folwers

The ideal growing medium

Light and well drained soil.
Optimum pH is 6.5.
EC should be less than 1.
10-12% soil humus is very good
Important constituents are sand, coco-peat and rock-wool.

Method of propagation

Seeds: For developing new cultivars.
Cuttings: For propagation of rootstocks.
Sheild or T-Budding: It is the commercial method of propagation in rose.
Grafting: Cleft, bench and inarching methods of grafting.
Layering: Ground and air layering
Stenting: In this method, budding is done on cuttings and kept inside a mist chamber for rooting.
Micro-propagation: Tissue culture.

Different rootstocks

Rosa bourboniana
Rosa indica
Rosa moschata
Dr. Huey
IXL
Rosa multiflora
Rosa chinensis
Rosa noisettiana
Rosa rugosa
Rosa laxa

Best time for budding in rose

North India: November to December
Lower hilly areas: December to February
Mid hills: February to April
High-hill areas: February to April

Best time for pruning

North India: November to December
Lower hilly areas: December to February
Mid hills: February to April
High-hill areas: February to April

Planting distance

Open field condition: 60 × 60 cm or 60 × 30 cm
Closet spacing: 30 × 30 cm
Green house: Single, double and four row planting system. Spacing is 30 × 25 cm

Nutrients and fertilizers

Plant nutrients

Nitrate: 180 ppm
Phosphate: 4 ppm
Potassium: 45 ppm
Sodium: 25 ppm
Chloride: 35 ppm
Sulphate: 105 ppm
Bi-carbonate: 30 ppm
Calcium: 55 ppm
Magnesium: 20 ppm
Ammonium: 2 ppm
Iron: 0.39 ppm
Manganese: 0.04 ppm
Zinc: 0.07 ppm
Boron: 0.08 ppm
Copper: 0.05 ppm

Fertilizers per plant

Nitrogen: 60 g/m²
Phosphorus: 20 g/m²
Potassium: 20 g/m²
FYM: 5 kg
Liquid feeding: Urea:DAP:KNO3 (2:1:1). It is 30g/10 l of water.
Ammonium sulphate: SSP:Mo:P (2:4:3). It is 60g/plant.

Objectives of pinching

Remove 2-5 unfolded leaves.
To reduce plant height.
Promoting lateral branching.
To regulate flowering.
Early piching result in increased diameter of cane with more height.

Preparation of plants for the next season

Stop watering and nutrition after harvesting flowers, for about 4-8 weeks until most of the leaves drop.
Do pruning up to 30-60 cm from ground level.
Start slowly watering and nutrition.

Wintering in rose?

Also read: What is wintering in Rose

Expose the plant to sun and air by removing 10-15 cm deep soil layer in 20-30 cm plant periphery.
After about a fortnight fill this with a mixture of well decomposed manure and do watering.
Wintering of roses is very common in field grown roses in western part of India.

Insect-pests of rose

Red scales
White ants
Aphids
Thrips
Red spider mites
Jassids
Chafer beetles
Mealy bugs
Stem girdler
Sawflies

Important diseases

Die back: Causal organism is Diplodia rosarum, collectotrichum spp.
Black spot: Causal organism is Diplocarpon rosae
Powdery moldew: Causal organism is Spaerotheca pannosa
Downey mildew: Causal organism is Pernospora
Gray mould: Causal Botrytis cinerea
Rust: Causal organism is Phragmidium spp.
Crown ball: Causal organism is Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Wilt: Causal organism is Marmor flaccumfasciens

Viruses

Strawberry latent ring spot virus
Arabis mosaic virus
Aple mosaic virus
Tobacco streak virus
Prunus necrotic ring spot virus

Physiology disorders

Bull head
Bent neck
Lemp neck
Blind shoot
Vascular plugging
Deficiency of Zn and B

Optimum stage of harvesting

For local market: When outer one/two petals start unfurling
For distant market: Fully coloured tight buds
Loose flowers: Fully open flowers
White, pink and yellow cultivars are harvested earlier to red as red many not open if harvested at tight bud stage.

Grades of flower

Large flower cultivars: Stem length 60-90 cm and bud size 3-3.5 cm
Small flower cultivars: Stem length 40-50 and bud size 2-2.5 cm

Yield of cut roses

Open filed: 25-50 stems/sqaure-meter/year
Indian greenhouse: 150-200 stems/sqaure-meter/year
Loose flowers: 3-5/ton/ha/year

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