White Shadehouse: Importance and uses
What is a white shadehouse?
White Shadeouse is also an advance agricultural technology, another is green shadent house. The main purpose of a white shadehouse is the hardening of propagated plants. Nowadays the white shadouses are becoming very popular among the vegetable growers. In this post we will know about the White Shadehouse, its Importance and Uses.
|(1). Importance of a White Shadehouse|
|(2). What are the characteristics of a W.S.H.?|
|(3). Why W.S.H.?|
|(4). Why is it used?|
|(5). What should be the required qualities of a W.S.H.?|
|(6). What are the different designs of a G.S.H.?|
|(7). Government schemes|
(1). Importance of a White Shadehouse
- Low cost vegetable farming.
- Production in all seasons.
- More cultivation.
- Quality of the raw products.
- High yield.
1.1 Low cost vegetable farming
The white shadehouse is a plant growing protected structure. Similar crop growing technologies are glass houses, lath houses, poly houses, and others. Some structures like glass house and polyhouse are more technical and high cost. The materials which are used in W. S. H. are low cost.
1.2 Production in all seasons
Commercial crop growing is possible in all seasons with W. S. H. It is very necessary to uncover the sidenets during summer season to avoid the access heat. Plant propagation becomes very easy even in unfavorable conditions.
1.3 More cultivation
Many small and big farmers use W. S. H. for vegetable crop production.
The commercial scale production of the following vegetable crops gives very profitable result:
- Indeterminate varieties of tomato.
- Fruit chilli.
- Gourd crops, such as bitter gourd and C. sativus.
- Other vegetable crops.
*Tip: Cultivation of paddy straw mushroom inside Green shade house is the best option
1.4 Quality of the raw products
The following things become controllable inside a green house:
Temperature: The inside temperature of a W.S.H. is more during the winter season. Don’t lift the side covers or make any type of damage. To down it, lift the side covers.
Disease management: Disease infection is less as compare to open field cultivation. Soil heat treatment becomes easy because of less area are excellent layout.
Management of insect-pests: The attack of the different insect-pests is low. And, it is easily controllable.
Hence, the control of temperature, efficient management of crop diseases, and the less attack of the different insect-pests result in high quality food materials.
(2). What are the characteristics of a W.S.H.?
- Clading material.
- Size of the structure.
- Polling materials.
2.1 Clading materials
Clading material is white shadent. It consists of UV stabilizer materials. The thickness of clading material depends on the producers.
2.2 Size of the structure
What should be the size of a White Shadehouse?
The ideal size of a W.S.H. for small farmers is 0.250 ha. Although it depends on the farmers choice. Big farm owners establish bigger shade houses.
2.3 Polling materials
- Iron poles.
- PVC pipes.
- Wooden poles.
(3). Why W.S.H.?
- Adoption of modern technology in farming.
- Multiple cropping.
- Potential yield.
- Proper utilization of irrigation systems.
- Proper utilization of mulching
Also read: Types of cropping systems
3.1 Adoption of modern technology in farming
Traditional agriculture practices seem to yield less. Adoption of modern technology by the farmers is a revolution in the field of agriculture. It is the demand of present. Commercialization, and the use of W.S.H. in large scale is the next level thing toward the modernization of farming.
3.2 Multiple cropping
Multiple cropping is possible with W.S.H. It is possible by altering climate in a limited extent. Inside temperature of a W.S.H. is more during the winter, while it is relatively lower than the outside temperature.
3.3 Yield potential is more
3.4 Proper utilization of irrigation systems, and Proper utilization of mulching
Efficient use of drip irrigation and mulches
(1). No physical damages to drip system by farm animals.
(2). Life span of drip is more.
(3). Life span of plastic mulch is more.
(4). No physical damage to the plastic mulch by farm animals.
(5). No damage to the plastic mulch by wild birds.
(5). Non physical damages to the plastic mulch by hailstorm, heavy wind, and others.
Also read: Types of mulch
(4). Why is it used?
- Better crop management.
- Management of insect-pests.
- Disease management.
- Crop protection.
- High yield.
(5). What should be the required qualities of a W.S.H.?
- Long life span.
- Low cost.
- Strong enough to withstand hailstorm and heavy winds.
- HDPE UV resistant clading materials.
(6). What are the different designs of a G.S.H.?
Answer: The different designs of a G.S.H. are as follows
1. Flat top + square.
2. Gothic design.
3. Other designs are not very popular.
(7). Government schemes
White Shadent Houses are the part of government scheme. The department of horticuture directly benefits vegetable growing farmers through this scheme. Although it is a subsidy based scheme.
Village level: Rural horticulture extension officer
Block level: Senior horticulture development officer
District level: Assistant director of horticulture
- Marginal farmers: 70%.
- Small farmers: 70%.
- Big farmers: 50%.
7.2 Necessary records
- Adhar card.
- Bank details.
- Land records.
- Passport size photo of the farmers.
- Panchayat prastav.
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